Common Causes of Plantar fasciitis

plantar fasciitis

When you feel pain at the bottom of your heel, it is caused by injury in the plantar fascia. It is a prevalent orthopaedic issue faced by many people. The plantar fascia is a web-like, thick ligament that connects your toes to the heel. The ligament maintains the arch and helps you to move and walk. Excessive running and walking can have a toll on the fascia ligaments. The maze-like ligament protects your feet from shocks. Extreme pressure on the feet can injure the ligaments and cause plantar fasciitis. The pain in the plantar fascia increases with time. It can gradually lead to a swollen heel. For more info about the various aspects of plantar fasciitis, you can browse online.

Impact of plantar injury
When the fascia ligament becomes inflamed, people may experience pain at the surface of the feet. Typically, the symptoms of plantar fasciitis develop one foot, but it may affect both your feet with time. Your feet may hurt more in the morning when you take the first step. Walking can become complicated when you try to move after lying or sitting down for a while. The pain can get intolerable with the swelling of the fascia ligament. You may not feel the pain when working but rather after stopping.

Wrong end of the pool
Overweight and obese people often develop symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Also, the injury is widespread in pregnant women. Your feet bear up all the weight of your body when you walk. When your weight is more substantial than usual, the plantar ligaments have to endure a lot of pressure. Pregnant women often feel this pain during late pregnancy period.

Athletes, especially long-distance runners are diagnosed with plantar fascia issues. Moreover, active professionals whose job demands to stand on feet for a prolonged period often undergo this illness. If you have very high or flat feet arches, you are like to develop this painful medical condition.

Pain relieving treatments to consider
When the plantar fascia swells up, it is a clear indication of plantar fasciitis. Reducing the inflammation of the heel is a significant part of the medical procedure. However, this does not cure the underlying damage of the plantar fascia. If you experience severe chronic pain in your heels, you should immediately see a doctor.

Taking anti-inflammatory medicines may not heal the pain. The doctor will inject corticosteroid in the affected area which may help in reducing the ache. Most surgeons use ultrasound instruments to find the appropriate area to inject the steroid. You can also opt for physiotherapy for treating the injured ligaments. A physical therapist will show various exercises that can make your lower leg muscles stronger. Such training will help you stress less on the plantar fasciitis.

What if none of the therapies works?
You can apply an ice pack on the swollen part. Taking sufficient rest and rubbing ice on the injury can help in reducing the inflammation. Also, providing arch supports to your footwear and doing stretching exercises may also help in relieving the pain. If none of the above treatments shows any positive result, then the doctor may recommend you to go for the shock wave therapy.

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